The Bugga Ramalingeshwara (Siva) temple
Tadapatri , Andhrapradesh.
- This temple is situated on the right bank of River Pennar was constructed in the reign of Pemmasani Ramalinga Nayudu.
- This temple has three entrances in the south, north and west.
- The intricate carvings of various deities, birds, especially parrots, many animals and floral and geometric designs found on the south gopuram are breathtaking.
- The north gopuram is noteworthy because of its sculptures — those of the Ashta-Dik-Palakas, each on their respective vahana (mount) and carrying weapons; manifestations of Siva such as Nataraja and Bhikshatanamurti; and a tall figure, wearing the typical conical Vijayanagara era crown, which has been identified as Ramalinga Nayuduully .
- The west gopuram has the insignia of the Vijayanagara dynasty, which is the boar with a sword in front and the sun and moon above, clearly carved on it. Next to this gopuram and directly in front of the main sanctum is a finely sculpted Nandi.
- The main sanctum enshrines a Linga worshipped as Bugga Ramalingeshwara.
- The word ‘bugga’ means spring in Telugu and the Linga is thus called as there is a perpetual spring near it and is always surrounded by water. In front of the central sanctum is an ornate mantapam called the Ranga Mantapam which has sixteen elaborately carved pillars, some of which are ‘musical pillars,’ emitting different sounds when tapped lightly. The ceiling of the Ranga Mandapa is richly carved.
- Goddess Parvathi worshipped as Rajarajeshwari, Rama, Chandesha and Virabhadra (a ferocious aspect of Siva who arose from the matted hair of this deity) are also seen in the temple.
- On the south-west corner is the Kalyana-mandapa, a characteristic feature of many Vijayanagara era temples. A few inscriptions have been discovered here which speak of gifts of land to this shrine.
- Both the Siva and Vishnu temples are in active worship and are protected monuments of national importance under the care of the Archaeological Survey of India.